Background/Aim: Calcium acetate/magnesium carbonate (CaMg) is a recent phosphate binder that has been shown to have protective cardiovascular (CV) effects in animal models. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between CaMg therapy and CV risk markers like pulse pressure (PP), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and valvular calcifications compared to sevelamer or no phosphate binder (NPB) therapy in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: We performed a 48-month prospective study in 138 HD patients under hemodiafiltration with a dialysate Mg concentration of 0.5 mmol/l. Patients underwent treatment with CaMg or sevelamer for at least 36 months or NPB therapy. Demographic, clinical, biochemical and echocardiographic parameters were evaluated at baseline and after a 48-month period. Results: At the end of the study, patients who had taken CaMg showed a significant reduction in PP (p < 0.001), LVMI (p = 0.003), aortic (p = 0.004) and mitral valve calcifications (p = 0.03) compared with NPB patients. Patients under CaMg showed a significant reduction of PP (p < 0.001), LVMI (p = 0.01) and aortic valve calcifications (p = 0.02) compared to sevelamer patients. In a multivariable analysis, CaMg therapy was negatively associated with progression of LVMI (p = 0.02) and aortic valve calcifications (p = 0.01). Patients under CaMg showed higher serum Mg levels (0.93 ± 0.14 mmol/l) compared to patients under sevelamer (0.87 ± 0.13) or NPB patients (0.82 ± 0.12; p < 0.001). Conclusions: In prevalent HD patients, the use of CaMg over 48 months was associated with a reduction of PP and LVMI and with a stabilization of aortic valve calcifications. These protective and promising results of this new phosphate binder need to be confirmed in randomized controlled studies.
- Calcium acetate/magnesium carbonate
- Left ventricular mass index
- Valvular calcifications