Business cycle clocks: Time to get circular

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Assessing the momentum of the business cycle is of utmost importance for policymakers and private agents. In this respect, the use of business cycle clocks has gained prominence among national and international institutions to depict the current stage of the business cycle. Drawing on circular statistics, we propose a novel approach to business cycle clocks in a data-rich environment. The method is applied to the main euro area countries resorting to a large data set covering the last three decades. We document the usefulness of the circular business cycle clock to capture the business cycle stage, including peaks and troughs, with the findings being supported by the cross-country evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1513–1541
JournalEmpirical Economics
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


  • Business cycle clock
  • Circular statistics
  • Peaks
  • Troughs


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