Burkholderia pseudomallei: First case of melioidosis in Portugal

Ana Pelerito, Alexandra Nunes, Susana Coelho, Cátia Piedade, Paulo Paixão, Rita Cordeiro, Daniel A. Sampaio, Luís Vieira, João Paulo Gomes, Sofia Núncio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacillus and the causative agent of melioidosis, a serious infection associated with high mortality rate in humans. It can be naturally found as an environmental saprophyte in soil or stagnant water, and rice paddies that predominate in regions of endemicity such as Northeast Thailand. B. pseudomallei is a Biosafety Level 3 organism due to risks of aerosolization and severe disease and is now included in formal emergency preparedness plans and guidelines issued by various authorities in the United States and Europe. Here, we report the first case of imported melioidosis in Portugal. B. pseudomallei was isolated from the patient's blood as well as from a left gluteal abscess pus. The isolate strain showed the unusual resistance profile to first-line eradication therapy trimethroprim/sulfamethoxazole. Whole genome sequencing revealed its similarity with isolates from Southeast Asia, suggesting the Thai origin of this Portuguese isolate, which is in agreement with a recent patient's travel to Thailand.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-1
Number of pages2
JournalIDCases
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Burkholderia pseudomallei
  • Melioidosis
  • Whole genome sequencing

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