Bridging two realms of machine ethics

Luís Moniz Pereira, Ari Saptawijaya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We address problems in machine ethics dealt with using computational techniques. Our research has focused on Computational Logic, particularly Logic Programming, and its appropriateness to model morality, namely moral permissibility, its justification, and the dual-process of moral judgments regarding the realm of the individual. In the collective realm, we, using Evolutionary Game Theory in populations of individuals, have studied norms and morality emergence computationally. These, to start with, are not equipped with much cognitive capability, and simply act from a predetermined set of actions. Our research shows that the introduction of cognitive capabilities, such as intention recognition, commitment, and apology, separately and jointly, reinforce the emergence of cooperation in populations, comparatively to their absence. Bridging such capabilities between the two realms helps understand the emergent ethical behavior of agents in groups, and implements them not just in simulations, but in the world of future robots and their swarms. Evolutionary Anthropology provides teachings.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRethinking Machine Ethics in the Age of Ubiquitous Technology
PublisherIGI Global
Pages197-224
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9781466685932
ISBN (Print)1466685921, 9781466685925
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2015

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Pereira, L. M., & Saptawijaya, A. (2015). Bridging two realms of machine ethics. In Rethinking Machine Ethics in the Age of Ubiquitous Technology (pp. 197-224). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8592-5.ch010