Brazilian climate policy (1992–2019): an exercise in strategic diplomatic failure

Joana Castro Pereira, Eduardo Viola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In the Anthropocene, practicing diplomacy with a renewed emphasis on strategy is critical. However, the implications of the planet’s new geological reality–of which climate change is the primary indicator–have not been internalised into policy and practice thus far at both the domestic and international levels. Brazil is no exception. In this article, the strategic diplomacy framework is applied to the Brazilian case as a policy proposal and diagnostic tool to (a) identify the country’s strategic climate interest, (b) propose a diplomatic strategy capable of addressing the gravity of the climate crisis, and (c) analyse the factors blocking the development of a national agenda and policy consistent with a climate security scenario. Despite Brazil’s vast natural capital, powerful interests in the agribusiness and energy sectors, lack of vision among the ruling elites, and a poorly educated population in a society still marked by high levels of poverty and income inequality have precluded the country from developing a leading role in the global climate arena.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-78
Number of pages24
JournalContemporary Politics
Issue number1
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Anthropocene
  • Brazil
  • Climate change
  • Climate policy
  • Strategic diplomacy


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