Abstract

The influence of compressive stresses exerted on FRP-concrete joints created by external strengthening of structural members on the performance of the system requires better understanding especially when mechanical devices are used to anchor the externally bonded reinforcement (EBR). The numerical modelling of those systems is a tool that permits insight into the performance of the corresponding interfaces and was used in the present study, essentially directed to analyse the effectiveness of EBR systems under compressive stresses normal to the composite surface applied to GFRP-to-concrete interfaces. The compressive stresses imposed on the GFRP-to-concrete interface model the effect produced by a mechanical anchorage system applied to the EBR system. An experimental program is described on which double-lap shear tests were performed that created normal stresses externally applied on the GFRP plates. A corresponding bond-slip model is proposed and the results of its introduction in the numerical analysis based in an available 3D finite element code are displayed, showing satisfactory agreement with the experimental data. The results also showed that lateral compressive stresses tend to increase the maximum bond stress of the interface and also originate a residual bond stress which has significant influence on the interface strength. Also, the strength of the interface increases with the increase of the bonded length which have consequences on the definition of the effective bond length. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-259
Number of pages14
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Laminates
  • Debonding
  • Computational modelling
  • Mechanical testing
  • Bond-slip model
  • NONLINEAR FINITE-ELEMENT
  • DEBONDING FAILURE
  • INTERFACIAL STRESSES
  • ANCHORAGE SYSTEMS
  • RC BEAMS
  • PLATE
  • CFRP
  • DELAMINATION
  • BEHAVIOR
  • SHEAR

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