Blood pressure and volume management in dialysis: conclusions from a Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Controversies Conference

Jennifer E. Flythe, Tara I. Chang, Martin P. Gallagher, Elizabeth Lindley, Magdalena Madero, Pantelis A. Sarafidis, Mark L. Unruh, Angela Yee Moon Wang, Daniel E. Weiner, Michael Cheung, Michel Jadoul, Wolfgang C. Winkelmayer, Kevan R. Polkinghorne, Teresa Adragão, Samaya J. Anumudu, Christopher T. Chan, Alfred K. Cheung, Maria Rosa Costanzo, Indranil Dasgupta, Andrew DavenportSimon J. Davies, Marijke J.E. Dekker, Laura M. Dember, Daniel Gallego, Rafael Gómez, Carmel M. Hawley, Manfred Hecking, Kunitoshi Iseki, Vivekanand Jha, Jeroen P. Kooman, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Eduardo Lacson, Adrian Liew, Charmaine E. Lok, Christopher W. McIntyre, Rajnish Mehrotra, Dana C. Miskulin, Ezio Movilli, Fabio Paglialonga, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Jeff Perl, Carol A. Pollock, Miguel C. Riella, Patrick Rossignol, Rukshana Shroff, Laura Solá, Henning Søndergaard, Sydney C.W. Tang, Allison Tong, Yusuke Tsukamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)


Blood pressure (BP) and volume control are critical components of dialysis care and have substantial impacts on patient symptoms, quality of life, and cardiovascular complications. Yet, developing consensus best practices for BP and volume control have been challenging, given the absence of objective measures of extracellular volume status and the lack of high-quality evidence for many therapeutic interventions. In February of 2019, Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) held a Controversies Conference titled Blood Pressure and Volume Management in Dialysis to assess the current state of knowledge related to BP and volume management and identify opportunities to improve clinical and patient-reported outcomes among individuals receiving maintenance dialysis. Four major topics were addressed: BP measurement, BP targets, and pharmacologic management of suboptimal BP; dialysis prescriptions as they relate to BP and volume; extracellular volume assessment and management with a focus on technology-based solutions; and volume-related patient symptoms and experiences. The overarching theme resulting from presentations and discussions was that managing BP and volume in dialysis involves weighing multiple clinical factors and risk considerations as well as patient lifestyle and preferences, all within a narrow therapeutic window for avoiding acute or chronic volume-related complications. Striking this challenging balance requires individualizing the dialysis prescription by incorporating comorbid health conditions, treatment hemodynamic patterns, clinical judgment, and patient preferences into decision-making, all within local resource constraints.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-876
Number of pages16
JournalKidney International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • hemodialysis
  • patient-reported outcome measures
  • peritoneal dialysis
  • quality of life
  • residual kidney function


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