Bismuth and lead oxides codoped boron phosphate glasses for Faraday rotators

B. A. Sava, Lucica Boroica, M. Elisa, O. Shikimaka, D. Grabco, M. Popa, Z. Barbos, R. Iordanescu, A. M. Niculescu, V. Kuncser, A. C. Galca, M. Eftimie, R. C.C. Monteiro

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18 Citations (Scopus)


New magneto-optical vitreous materials were obtained by melting-quenching technique comprising wet route raw materials preparation. The glass has the following composition in oxide mol. %: 10 Li2O, 9 Al2O3, 5 ZnO, (35; 20; 50) B2O3, (35; 50; 20) P2O5, 3 Bi2O3, 3 PbO, phosphorus and boron oxide being the vitreous network formers. It was also prepared a similar reference glass composition but without Bi2O3 and PbO. Optical and structural characterization by ultraviolet-visible (UV–Vis), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Raman Spectroscopy of the bulk glasses showed a transmission over 90%, metaphosphate structure of glass together with Q2 boron oxide units and P–O‒B bonds. The mechanical parameters, hardness (H), Young's modulus (E) and fracture toughness (KIC) of boron phosphate glasses, evaluated by micro- and nanoindentation techniques, demonstrated mostly higher values in comparison with those for alumino-phosphate glasses due to mixed boro-phosphate network. Thermal behavior was investigated by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) putting in evidence the vitreous transition temperature which decreases with about 45 °C when Bi and Pb oxides were added and two crystallization effects. The diamagnetic character of a highly transparent Bi and Pb oxide co-doped boron phosphate glass was confirmed by ellipsometry, and the glass presented high magneto-optical properties at the top of the commercial bulk products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6016-6025
Number of pages10
JournalCeramics International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2018


  • B. FTIR and Raman spectroscopy
  • C. Magneto-optical properties
  • C. Mechanical properties
  • D. Boron-phosphate glass


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