Biomass derived solid acids as effective hydrolysis catalysts

Adriano do Couto Fraga, Cristina Pontes Bittencourt Quitete, Vitor Loureiro Ximenes, Eduardo Falabella Sousa-Aguiar, Isabel M. Fonseca, Ana M Botelho Rego

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The conversion of cellulose into products with higher added value often includes a depolymerization step to obtain glucose, its fundamental unity. The depolymerization reaction is carried out via hydrolysis of the β-1,4-glycosidic bond. The search for a solid acid catalyst capable of breaking these bonds is gaining increasing prominence in the literature. In this regard, sulfonated carbons have shown promising results. This work evaluated the use of a residue from the extraction of palm oil as raw material for the production of sulfonated carbons. The raw material was carbonized and sulfonated. The obtained solid acids were tested in the hydrolysis of cellobiose, a dimer of glucose often used as a model compound for cellulose. The hydrolysis reaction is the first step in converting renewable carbon sources into chemical products and biofuels. Some aspects were investigated, as the effect of carbonization temperature on the concentration of sulfonic groups, the results showing that the content thereof reached a maximum value at 300 °C. Regarding the hydrolysis of cellobiose, it has been identified that there is a relationship between the concentration of sulfonic acid groups and the activity of these catalysts. However, there is a drop in the turnover number as the amount of sulfonic acid sites increases. This was related to a preferred position sulfonation mechanism. Furthermore, sulfonated carbons showed higher activity than the commercial acid resins, indicating that this material may be a good option for the generation of solid acid catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-257
Number of pages10
JournalJournal Of Molecular Catalysis A-Chemical
Volume422
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

Keywords

  • ORDERED MESOPOROUS CARBON
  • AMORPHOUS-CARBON
  • FATTY-ACIDS
  • GAMMA-VALEROLACTONE
  • ACTIVATED CARBON
  • ESTERIFICATION
  • SULFONATION
  • BIODIESEL
  • CELLULOSE
  • DEACTIVATION

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