Bioinspired co-polyesters of hydroxy-fatty acids extracted from tomato peel agro-wastes and glycerol with tunable mechanical, thermal and barrier properties

Mathilde Marc, Regis Risani, Eric Desnoes, Xavier Falourd, Bruno Pontoire, Rúben Rodrigues, Rita Escórcio, Ana Paula Batista, Romain Valentin, Nathalie Gontard, Cristina Silva Pereira, Christelle Lopez, Eric Leroy, Denis Lourdin, Didier Marion, Bénédicte Bakan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

By mimicking the cutin natural polyester networks of plant cuticles, we produced hydrophobic elastomers by a sustainable process, i.e., using a catalyst- and solvent-free polycondensation of glycerol and hydroxy fatty acids, two by-products of the agro-food industry. The hydroxy fatty acid fraction was obtained by ethanolic alkaline hydrolysis of cuticle from industrial tomato. This industrial-like fatty acid fraction contained more than 90 wt%. of 9(10),16 dihydroxyhexadecanoic acid (diOHC16). The co-polyesters were designed by increasing the ratio of esterified glycerol/diOHC16 in a range observed in plant cutins (up to 6 wt%). Their structure and functional properties (thermal, mechanical, gas permeability, interaction with bacterial cells) were characterized. Increasing the glycerol contents induced a significant decrease in the crosslink density of the polyesters and the formation of crystalline domains with a hexagonal organization. These structural modifications were related to a marked increase of elastomeric extensibility (up to 217 %). While water vapor permeability was not impacted, the increase of glycerol content induced a significant decrease in oxygen permeability. None of the polyesters displayed biocide activity, but an increase of glycerol content significantly reduced the adhesion of bacterial cells, potentially giving rise to antifouling applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113718
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume170
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Biomimetic
  • Cutin polyester
  • Elastomer
  • Glycerol
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Semi-crystalline
  • Tomato cuticle

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Bioinspired co-polyesters of hydroxy-fatty acids extracted from tomato peel agro-wastes and glycerol with tunable mechanical, thermal and barrier properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this