Bioaccumulation and chronic toxicity of arsenic and zinc in the aquatic oligochaetes Branchiura sowerbyi and Tubifex tubifex (Annelida, Clitellata)

Haroldo Lobo, Leire Méndez-Fernández, Maite Martínez-Madrid, Pilar Rodriguez, Michiel A. Daam, Evaldo L.G. Espíndola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oligochaetes feed on bulk sediment and penetrate the sediment through the construction of burrows, making them especially vulnerable to sediment metal contamination. However, the few oligochaete species that have been tested to date are almost exclusively temperate test species. Although the warmwater adapted species Branchiura sowerbyi has been indicated as a promising candidate for tropical sediment toxicity testing, few (especially chronic) studies have been conducted so far to confirm this. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the bioaccumulation and chronic 28d lethal and sublethal toxicity of arsenic (As) and zinc (Zn) to both the warmwater-adapted B. sowerbyi and the coldwater-adapted oligochaete Tubifex tubifex for comparison. Arsenic was more toxic to both oligochaete species than Zn. Inter- and intra-species variability in toxicity values of the two test species and other benthic invertebrates was within an order of magnitude. However, B. sowerbyi was the most sensitive species to As even for sediment concentration (EC50: 36.6 ± 2.1 µg/g and 147.1 ± 21.7 µg/g, for B. sowerbyi and T. tubifex, respectively) and for tissue concentration (ER50: 9.2 ± 0.9 µg/g and 887.0 ± 35.0 µg/g, for B. sowerbyi and T. tubifex, respectively). Finally, the Tissue Residue-effects Approach (TRA) using Effective Tissue Residues appears to be a promising way forward in advancing in this since it considers internal body concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105955
JournalAquatic Toxicology
Volume239
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Ecotoxicology
  • Freshwater macroinvertebrates
  • Metals
  • Sediment-spiked toxicity test
  • Tropics

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