Bias sensitive multispectral structures for imaging applications

M. Vieira, A. Fantoni, M. Fernandes, P. Louro, G. Lavareda, C. N. Carvalho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we present results on the optimization of an pinpii'n' type a-Si:H based three color detector with voltage controlled spectral sensitivity. The sensor element was fabricated on a glass covered with Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) and consists of a p-i-n a-SiC:H multilayer structure which faces the incident illumination, followed by a-SiC:H(-p)/a-SiC:H(-i)/a-Si:H(-i′)/a-SiC:H(-n′)/ITO heterostructure, that allows the optically addressed readout. Results show that this approach leads to regionally different collection parameters resulting in multispectral photodiodes. In the polychromatic operation mode different sensitivity ranges are programmed by switching between different biases so that the basic colors can be resolved with a single device. Positive bias is needed under blue irradiation and moderated reverse bias under green. The threshold voltage between green and red sensitivity depends on the thickness of the bottom a-SiC:H (-i) layer, and corresponds to the complete confinement of the absorbed green photons across the pinpi sequence. As the thickness of the a-Si:H i'-layer increases, the self-reverse effect due to the front absorption will be balanced by the decrease of the self-forward effect due to the back absorption shifting the threshold voltage to lower reverse bias. The various design parameters are discussed and supported by a 2D numerical simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7566-7570
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number19 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2007


  • a-SiC:H multilayers
  • Image sensors
  • Modelling and simulation
  • Optical properties


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