Before Time, after Time: existential time markers in Ancient Egypt - beginning, end and restart. A preliminary approach (with a special focus on the Heliopolitan conception)

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Abstract

In ancient Egypt, Time was part of the whole “being” that was brought into existence in the “First Time” (sp tpj). Following a linear conception (D.t) of Time we might ask: if Time had a beginning, should we expect for it to come to an end? However, the simultaneous Egyptian circular approach to Time (nHH) turns each end into a new beginning. How should we approach Time before its existence? Can we refer to a “post-Time”? Is the “end” definitive or temporary, awaiting for the (re)start of a new Demiurge’s action? Is the immobility of the pre-Creation similar to one after the “end of the world”? This paper intends to be a preliminary approach to this issue. We will follow the traces suggested by some textual sources, focusing on the Demiurge, an entity connected to Time by means of creation and destruction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-157
Number of pages15
JournalRes Antiquitatis
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Eventthe International Conference Sources to Study Antiquity: Between Texts and Material Culture - NOVA FCSH, Lisboa, Portugal
Duration: 9 May 201610 May 2016

Keywords

  • Ancient Egypt
  • Time
  • Creation
  • End of the World
  • Demiurge

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