Backrest table design for railway coach interior occupant protection

M. Carvalho, J. Milho

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The study presented, in this paper, concerns the analysis of the backrest table design during crashes of railway vehicles, focusing on the protection of the occupants of the railway coach interiors. A railway accident is described by the primary collision, in which the vehicle is subjected to an abrupt deceleration causing the unrestrained occupants to continue the original motion. Then the occupants are projected through the vehicle until the secondary collision occurs by their contact with some part of the interior of the vehicle or with other occupants. The strategy combines and explores the already developed railway structures for crashworthiness with injury biomechanics. The methodology attends the railway accidents specificities such as the existence of restraints and the larger distance between contact features, which decreases the predictability on the kinematics of the occupants. Due to its importance in terms of railway vehicle interiors, the inline seating with backrest table being used is investigated in order to identify the potential sources of injury for railway occupants. The analysis is made using a numerical model of a reference simulation scenario characterized by the seating pitch of the first class coach. Simulation results suggest design modifications that are discussed in the scope of the reduction of the biomechanical injury indices for the occupants.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCivil-Comp Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Event15th International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering Computing, CIVIL-COMP 2015 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 1 Sep 20154 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Crashworthiness
  • Injury
  • Passive safety
  • Railway
  • Simulation

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