Assessment of the density loss in anobiid infested pine using x-ray micro-computed tomography

João Parracha, Manuel Francisco Costa Pereira, António Maurício, Paulina Faria, Daniel F. Lima, Marina Tenório, Lina Nunes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)


The present study aims at evaluating the impact of anobiid damage on pine timber elements. Anobiid attack produces a diffuse damage of the elements with a set of tunnels in random directions and sizes, thus confusing quantification. Therefore, a method was developed based on X-ray micro-computed tomography (µ-XCT) to obtain, for naturally infested timber samples, an empirical correlation between lost material percentage (consumed by beetles) and timber apparent density (original, before degradation—OTD and residual, after degradation—RTD). The quantified density loss can then be used in further assessment of the structure. The results of the tests performed showed high correlation between original apparent density and lost material percentage (r2 = 0.60) and between residual apparent density and lost material percentage (r2 = 0.83), which confirms µ-XCT as a valuable tool to the required quantification. The loss of density results can be further applied on the definition of an assessment method for the evaluation of the residual strength of anobiids infested timber, thus contributing to reducing unnecessary replacement. The optimized procedure of the µ-XCT study for infested Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) is presented and discussed in this article.

Original languageEnglish
Article number173
Number of pages13
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2021


  • Anobiid infestation
  • Damage assessment
  • Residual apparent density
  • Three-dimensional reconstruction
  • Wood


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