Assessment of photocatalytic capacity of a hydraulic mortar

Pedro Castanho, Vitor Silva, Paulina Faria

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

In urban areas façades of buildings and monuments accumulate dirt and are visually degraded, implicating high consumption of resources for repair. The search and development of new products that can help to maintain those façades is therefore very important. To prevent possible damage to the building surface maintaining their aesthetic appearance, cementitious materials with new properties have been developed. One possibility arises from the introduction of titanium dioxide (TiO 2) into the composition of coating materials. When exposed to solar UV radiation, the coatings lead to photo-induced oxidation of compounds adsorbed or deposited on their surfaces, with self-cleaning effect. This self-cleaning property reduces the need for maintenance. In can be an advantage for unpainted renders. In this research, physic-mechanical characterization and evaluation of the self-cleaning capacity of a commercial hydraulic lime mortar with photocatalytic property, by the addition of TiO 2 , were carried out. Two mortars with 1:3 (binder:aggregate) volumetric proportion were produced, only differing on the aggregate type, namely its particle size distribution, and compared with similar mortars but formulated with a common hydraulic lime without TiO 2. In the physic-mechanical characterization mortar specimens were laboratory tested for mechanical strength, open porosity, capillary water absorption and drying capacity. The self-cleaning capacity of mortars was evaluated by monitoring the discolouration of two organic dyes stains (Rhodamine B and Methylene Blue), applied on the surface of mortar specimens, when exposed to sunlight and UV light. The mortars with TiO 2 shown improvements mainly in terms of mechanical strengths but without significant changes concerning water and vapour behaviour. Simultaneously those mortars have shown a great degradation of colour of the two dyes stains, with high colour change percentages particularly after sunlight exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIAHS - World Congress on Housing
EditorsAntónio Tadeu, Vitor Abrantes, D. Ural, O. Ural
PublisherITeCons
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-989-98949-4-5
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2016
EventIAHS 2016 - 41st IAHS World Comgress : Sustainability and Innovation for the Future - St. Eulália, Albufeira, Portugal
Duration: 13 Sep 201616 Sep 2016
Conference number: 41

Publication series

NameIAHS - Worlf Congress on Housing
PublisherIAHS

Conference

ConferenceIAHS 2016 - 41st IAHS World Comgress
CountryPortugal
CityAlbufeira
Period13/09/1616/09/16

Fingerprint

Mortar
Hydraulics
Cleaning
Coloring Agents
rhodamine B
Ultraviolet radiation
Strength of materials
Physics
Color
Discoloration
Coatings
Methylene Blue
Steam
Water absorption
Solar radiation
Particle size analysis
Binders
Drying
Repair
Porosity

Keywords

  • Hydraulic lime
  • Mortar
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Self-cleaning

Cite this

Castanho, P., Silva, V., & Faria, P. (2016). Assessment of photocatalytic capacity of a hydraulic mortar. In A. Tadeu, V. Abrantes, D. Ural, & O. Ural (Eds.), IAHS - World Congress on Housing [ID 262] (IAHS - Worlf Congress on Housing). ITeCons.
Castanho, Pedro ; Silva, Vitor ; Faria, Paulina. / Assessment of photocatalytic capacity of a hydraulic mortar. IAHS - World Congress on Housing. editor / António Tadeu ; Vitor Abrantes ; D. Ural ; O. Ural. ITeCons, 2016. (IAHS - Worlf Congress on Housing).
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Castanho, P, Silva, V & Faria, P 2016, Assessment of photocatalytic capacity of a hydraulic mortar. in A Tadeu, V Abrantes, D Ural & O Ural (eds), IAHS - World Congress on Housing., ID 262, IAHS - Worlf Congress on Housing, ITeCons, IAHS 2016 - 41st IAHS World Comgress , Albufeira, Portugal, 13/09/16.

Assessment of photocatalytic capacity of a hydraulic mortar. / Castanho, Pedro; Silva, Vitor; Faria, Paulina.

IAHS - World Congress on Housing. ed. / António Tadeu; Vitor Abrantes; D. Ural; O. Ural. ITeCons, 2016. ID 262 (IAHS - Worlf Congress on Housing).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Assessment of photocatalytic capacity of a hydraulic mortar

AU - Castanho, Pedro

AU - Silva, Vitor

AU - Faria, Paulina

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - In urban areas façades of buildings and monuments accumulate dirt and are visually degraded, implicating high consumption of resources for repair. The search and development of new products that can help to maintain those façades is therefore very important. To prevent possible damage to the building surface maintaining their aesthetic appearance, cementitious materials with new properties have been developed. One possibility arises from the introduction of titanium dioxide (TiO 2) into the composition of coating materials. When exposed to solar UV radiation, the coatings lead to photo-induced oxidation of compounds adsorbed or deposited on their surfaces, with self-cleaning effect. This self-cleaning property reduces the need for maintenance. In can be an advantage for unpainted renders. In this research, physic-mechanical characterization and evaluation of the self-cleaning capacity of a commercial hydraulic lime mortar with photocatalytic property, by the addition of TiO 2 , were carried out. Two mortars with 1:3 (binder:aggregate) volumetric proportion were produced, only differing on the aggregate type, namely its particle size distribution, and compared with similar mortars but formulated with a common hydraulic lime without TiO 2. In the physic-mechanical characterization mortar specimens were laboratory tested for mechanical strength, open porosity, capillary water absorption and drying capacity. The self-cleaning capacity of mortars was evaluated by monitoring the discolouration of two organic dyes stains (Rhodamine B and Methylene Blue), applied on the surface of mortar specimens, when exposed to sunlight and UV light. The mortars with TiO 2 shown improvements mainly in terms of mechanical strengths but without significant changes concerning water and vapour behaviour. Simultaneously those mortars have shown a great degradation of colour of the two dyes stains, with high colour change percentages particularly after sunlight exposure.

AB - In urban areas façades of buildings and monuments accumulate dirt and are visually degraded, implicating high consumption of resources for repair. The search and development of new products that can help to maintain those façades is therefore very important. To prevent possible damage to the building surface maintaining their aesthetic appearance, cementitious materials with new properties have been developed. One possibility arises from the introduction of titanium dioxide (TiO 2) into the composition of coating materials. When exposed to solar UV radiation, the coatings lead to photo-induced oxidation of compounds adsorbed or deposited on their surfaces, with self-cleaning effect. This self-cleaning property reduces the need for maintenance. In can be an advantage for unpainted renders. In this research, physic-mechanical characterization and evaluation of the self-cleaning capacity of a commercial hydraulic lime mortar with photocatalytic property, by the addition of TiO 2 , were carried out. Two mortars with 1:3 (binder:aggregate) volumetric proportion were produced, only differing on the aggregate type, namely its particle size distribution, and compared with similar mortars but formulated with a common hydraulic lime without TiO 2. In the physic-mechanical characterization mortar specimens were laboratory tested for mechanical strength, open porosity, capillary water absorption and drying capacity. The self-cleaning capacity of mortars was evaluated by monitoring the discolouration of two organic dyes stains (Rhodamine B and Methylene Blue), applied on the surface of mortar specimens, when exposed to sunlight and UV light. The mortars with TiO 2 shown improvements mainly in terms of mechanical strengths but without significant changes concerning water and vapour behaviour. Simultaneously those mortars have shown a great degradation of colour of the two dyes stains, with high colour change percentages particularly after sunlight exposure.

KW - Hydraulic lime

KW - Mortar

KW - Titanium dioxide

KW - Self-cleaning

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - IAHS - Worlf Congress on Housing

BT - IAHS - World Congress on Housing

A2 - Tadeu, António

A2 - Abrantes, Vitor

A2 - Ural, D.

A2 - Ural, O.

PB - ITeCons

ER -

Castanho P, Silva V, Faria P. Assessment of photocatalytic capacity of a hydraulic mortar. In Tadeu A, Abrantes V, Ural D, Ural O, editors, IAHS - World Congress on Housing. ITeCons. 2016. ID 262. (IAHS - Worlf Congress on Housing).