Assessment of multifunctional activity of bioactive peptides derived from fermented milk by specific Lactobacillus plantarum strains

J. E. Aguilar-Toalá, L. Santiago-López, H. S. Garcia, B. Vallejo-Cordoba, A. F. González-Córdova, A. Hernández-Mendoza, Cátia M. Peres, Cidália Peres

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70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Milk-derived bioactive peptides with a single activity (e.g., antioxidant, immunomodulatory, or antimicrobial) have been previously well documented; however, few studies describe multifunctional bioactive peptides, which may be preferred over single-activity peptides, as they can simultaneously trigger, modulate, or inhibit multiple physiological pathways. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the anti-inflammatory, antihemolytic, antioxidant, antimutagenic, and antimicrobial activities of crude extracts (CE) and peptide fractions (<3 and 3–10 kDa) obtained from fermented milks with specific Lactobacillus plantarum strains. Overall, CE showed higher activity than both peptide fractions (<3 and 3–10 kDa) in most of the activities assessed. Furthermore, activity of <3 kDa was generally higher, or at least equal, to the 3 to 10 kDa peptide fractions. In particular, L. plantarum 55 crude extract or their fractions showed the higher anti-inflammatory (723.68–1,759.43 μg/mL of diclofenac sodium equivalents), antihemolytic (36.65–74.45% of inhibition), and antioxidant activity [282.8–362.3 µmol of Trolox (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) equivalents]. These results provide valuable evidence of multifunctional role of peptides derived of fermented milk by the action of specific L. plantarum strains. Thus, they may be considered for the development of biotechnological products to be used to reduce the risk of disease or to enhance a certain physiological function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Lactobacillus
  • milk-derived peptide
  • multifunctional peptides
  • peptide fraction

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