Assessment of local dynamics in extreme precipitation frequency using direct sequential cosimulation

Ana Cristina Costa, Amilcar Soares, Maria João Pereira, Rita Durão

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Abstract

This study evaluates space-time dynamics in extreme precipitation frequency by calculating a climate index at stations with records within the 1940-1999 period in the South of Portugal. This index is based on the annual count of days with precipitation above the 30 mm threshold (R30mm). Direct sequential cosimulation (coDSS) with elevation is used in the spatial interpolation and uncertainty assessment of the extreme precipitation index. The methodology incorporates space-time models that follow the premises that elevation and precipitation extremes may interact differently not only in space, but also through time. The results indicate that the relationship between elevation and the R30mm index has decreased through time over the study region. Moreover, the spatial patterns of precipitation extremes have become more homogenous during the last decades of the twentieth century. The more frequent rainfall events occur in the mountainous areas of the South (Algarve region). Accordingly, many areas of Algarve are at risk of water erosion and floods caused by extreme precipitation events. Regions where the distribution of precipitation extremes shows greater spatial variability, thus more uncertainty, correspond to regions less densely sampled. However, the uncertainty in mountainous regions is noticeably small given that elevation was used as secondary exhaustive information.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd WSEAS International Conference on Natural Hazards, NAHA '09, Climate Changes, Global Warming, Biological Problems, CGB '09, Urban Rehabilitation and Sustainability, URES '09
Pages31-36
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009
Event2nd WSEAS International Conference on Natural Hazards, NAHA '09, 2nd WSEAS International Conference on Climate Changes, Global Warming, Biological Problems, CGB '09, 2nd WSEAS International Conference on Urban Rehabilitation and Sustainability, URES - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: 7 Nov 20099 Nov 2009

Conference

Conference2nd WSEAS International Conference on Natural Hazards, NAHA '09, 2nd WSEAS International Conference on Climate Changes, Global Warming, Biological Problems, CGB '09, 2nd WSEAS International Conference on Urban Rehabilitation and Sustainability, URES
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore, MD
Period7/11/099/11/09

Keywords

  • Climate dynamics
  • Geostatistics
  • Local trends
  • Space-time patterns
  • Stochastic simulation
  • Uncertainty

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