Assessing Mozambique's exposure to coastal climate hazards and erosion

Pedro Cabral, Gabriela Augusto, Adeoluwa Akande, Anjos Costa, Nelson Amade, Sérgio Niquisse, Ali Atumane, António Cuna, Kiana Kazemi, Ramires Mlucasse, Rubini Santha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

An increasing number of people in the world are living in coastal areas characterized by high geophysical and biophysical sensitivity. Thus, it is necessary to provide coastal planners with tools helping them to design efficient management plans to mitigate the negative effects caused by a growing number of coastal climate hazards that threaten life and property. We calculate an Exposure Index (EI) for the coastline of Mozambique and assess the importance of the natural habitats in reducing exposure to coastal climate hazards. We estimate, for year 2015, an increase of 276% in the number of people affected by a high, or very high, level of exposure when compared to a “Without habitats” scenario, i.e. excluding the protective effects of sand dunes, mangroves, and corals. The results of the EI are supported by the Desinventar Database, which has historic data concerning loss and damage caused by events of geological or weather related origin. These results also indicate where the most exposed areas are thereby providing useful information to design effective coastal plans that increase resilience to climate hazards and erosion in Mozambique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Volume23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Fingerprint

Mozambique
erosion
Erosion
Hazards
hazard
climate
habitat
resilience
damages
Sand
mangrove
scenario
dune
coral
event
weather
management
damage
exposure
coast

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Coastal hazard
  • Desinventar
  • Ecosystem services
  • InVEST

Cite this

Cabral, Pedro ; Augusto, Gabriela ; Akande, Adeoluwa ; Costa, Anjos ; Amade, Nelson ; Niquisse, Sérgio ; Atumane, Ali ; Cuna, António ; Kazemi, Kiana ; Mlucasse, Ramires ; Santha, Rubini. / Assessing Mozambique's exposure to coastal climate hazards and erosion. In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2017 ; Vol. 23. pp. 45-52.
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Assessing Mozambique's exposure to coastal climate hazards and erosion. / Cabral, Pedro; Augusto, Gabriela; Akande, Adeoluwa; Costa, Anjos; Amade, Nelson; Niquisse, Sérgio; Atumane, Ali; Cuna, António; Kazemi, Kiana; Mlucasse, Ramires; Santha, Rubini.

In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 23, 01.08.2017, p. 45-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Cabral, Pedro

AU - Augusto, Gabriela

AU - Akande, Adeoluwa

AU - Costa, Anjos

AU - Amade, Nelson

AU - Niquisse, Sérgio

AU - Atumane, Ali

AU - Cuna, António

AU - Kazemi, Kiana

AU - Mlucasse, Ramires

AU - Santha, Rubini

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