Assessing critical metal needs for a low carbon energy system in 2050

Sofia Simões, Patrícia Fortes, Luís Dias, Júlia Seixas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper estimates the amounts of critical metals required for the deployment of the 2050 Low Carbon Roadmap for Portugal and assesses how including concerns with their availability within the TIMES-PT energy system model affects the profile of low-carbon electricity technologies for 2050. We conclude that long-term availability of dysprosium, neodymium, tellurium and indium might be a cause of concern for deploying wind and PV plants in the long-term. We estimate that if limited supply of critical metals is considered in the model there will be less 4.65 GW of PV, less 2.89 GW of wind and more 4.54 GW of wave power.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 12th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2015
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Volume2015-August
ISBN (Electronic)978-146736691-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2015
Event12th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2015 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 19 May 201522 May 2015

Conference

Conference12th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2015
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period19/05/1522/05/15

Keywords

  • critical metals
  • energy scenarios
  • low carbon electricity technologies
  • TIMES model

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  • Cite this

    Simões, S., Fortes, P., Dias, L., & Seixas, J. (2015). Assessing critical metal needs for a low carbon energy system in 2050. In 2015 12th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2015 (Vol. 2015-August). [7216780] IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/EEM.2015.7216780