Aryl hydrocarbon receptor and cysteine redox dynamics underlie (Mal)adaptive mechanisms to chronic intermittent hypoxia in kidney cortex

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Abstract

We hypothesized that an interplay between aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and cysteine-related thiolome at the kidney cortex underlies the mechanisms of (mal)adaptation to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), promoting arterial hypertension (HTN). Using a rat model of CIH-HTN, we investigated the impact of short-term (1 and 7 days), mid-term (14 and 21 days, pre-HTN), and long-term intermittent hypoxia (IH) (up to 60 days, established HTN) on Cyp1a1 protein level (a sensitive hallmark of AhR activation) and cysteine-related thiol pools. We found that acute and chronic IH had opposite effects on Cyp1a1 and the thiolome. While short-term IH decreased Cyp1a1 and increased protein-S-thiolation, long-term IH increased Cyp1a1 and free oxidized cysteine. In addition, an in vitro administration of cystine, but not cysteine, to human endothelial cells increased Cyp1a1 expression, supporting cystine as a putative AhR activator. This study supports Cyp1a1 as a biomarker of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity and oxidized pools of cysteine as risk indicator of OSA-HTN. This work contributes to a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the phenotype of OSA-HTN, mimicked by this model, which is in line with precision medicine challenges in OSA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1484
JournalAntioxidants
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Animal models
  • Arterial hypertension
  • CYP1A1
  • Cystine
  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Non-radical oxidative species
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Precision medicine
  • Thiols
  • XCT

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