Arrayed graphene enhanced surface plasmon resonance for sensing applications

Alessandro Fantoni, Yuri Vygranenko, Antonio MaçArico, Caterina Serafinelli, Miguel Fernandes, Rima Mansour, Rui Jesus, Manuela Vieira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Combination of carbon-based nanomaterials (CNMs) with AuNPs has been demonstrated to enhance the LSPR response and facilitate the functionalization with specific and selective antibodies. Also, the introduction of CNMs in the plasmonic layer allows tuning of the LSPR central frequency. Joining the double dependence of the LSPR on the MNPs size and the presence of CNMs, it is possible to create a set of plasmonic layers whose LSPR wavelengths are distributed in a spectral range of few tenth of nanometers. This consideration paves the way to an LSPR sensor with an arrayed structure, where each element maximizes its specific LSPR at its own wavelength. Illumination with a broad light source produces a different response in each one of the elements. The working process underlying the sensing operation is that each element of the sensor array acts like a band-stop optical filter for a specific wavelength. The output can be extracted by the application of an image analysis approach to the spatially modulated light crossing the sensor area, based on a color recognition algorithm. A change in the refractive index over the sensor array will shift the rejection band of the sensing elements. An automatized method for color recognition can support the analysis of the refractive index variations yielding the final sensor output. A figure of merit, highlighting the LSPR central wavelength and spectral extension for different LSPR configurations, is also obtained for different sizes of the AuNPs and different flavors of CNMs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptical Components and Materials XVIII
EditorsShibin Jiang, Michel J. F. Digonnet
PublisherSPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN (Electronic)9781510641990
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventOptical Components and Materials XVIII 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 6 Mar 202111 Mar 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceOptical Components and Materials XVIII 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online


  • 2D materials
  • Color recognition
  • Gold Nanoparticles
  • Graphene
  • LSPR


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