Arguing in Portugal: A cross-cultural analysis

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We report data on Portuguese understandings of interpersonal arguing, based on a survey conducted in Portugal (N = 252). Employing concepts and methods developed for studying interpersonal arguing, we report on the levels of argumentativeness, verbal aggressiveness, personalization of conflict, and argument frames. After comparing Portuguese men and women, we compare Portuguese respondents with two groups of US respondents. In contrast to US respondents, Portuguese report to argue more prosocially, cooperatively and civilly, and are more sophisticated in their reflections about arguing. We discuss these results in the context of the Portuguese notion of argumentation (argumentação) and Portuguese culture more broadly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-253
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of International and Intercultural Communication
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Arguing motivations
  • argument frames
  • intercultural communication
  • Lisbon
  • interpersonal arguing
  • Portugal


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