Archaeological classification and ontoterminology

the case of Islamic archaeology of the al-Andalus

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper describes the continuities and discontinuities between classification as a practice in archaeology and the development of an ontoterminology in the domain of Islamic archaeology of the al-Andalus. Developing an ontoterminology requires an interdisciplinary approach, which effectively places terminology as a subject matter between linguistics and knowledge representation and reasoning. The example of lighting artefacts shown in this paper demonstrates that the archaeological typologies have information that is implied or conflated in their proposed ordering of artefacts. While the purpose of the typologies is to express the names of artefact types in Islamic archaeology, the development of an ontoterminology requires a formalism in which the essential characteristics of each artefact type are made explicit. This allows for a better understanding of the typologies of artefacts through logical reasoning.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTOTh 2017
Subtitle of host publicationTerminologie & Ontologie: Théories et Applications
EditorsChristophe Roche
Place of PublicationChambéry
PublisherÉditions de l’université de Savoie Mont Blanc
Pages221-236
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)978-2-919732-80-7
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2018
EventTerminology & Ontology: Theories and applications 2017 - Scientific Campus of Savoie Technolac (Bourget du Lac) , Chambéry, France
Duration: 8 Jun 20189 Jun 2018
http://toth.condillac.org/toth-2017

Conference

ConferenceTerminology & Ontology: Theories and applications 2017
Abbreviated titleTOTh 2017
CountryFrance
CityChambéry
Period8/06/189/06/18
Internet address

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Keywords

  • Terminology
  • Ontology
  • Islamic archaeology of the al-Andalus
  • Digital Humanities

Cite this

Almeida, B., Roche, C., & Costa, R. (2018). Archaeological classification and ontoterminology: the case of Islamic archaeology of the al-Andalus. In C. Roche (Ed.), TOTh 2017: Terminologie & Ontologie: Théories et Applications (pp. 221-236). Chambéry: Éditions de l’université de Savoie Mont Blanc.