Archaeological classification and ontoterminology: the case of Islamic archaeology of the al-Andalus

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Abstract

This paper describes the continuities and discontinuities between classification as a practice in archaeology and the development of an ontoterminology in the domain of Islamic archaeology of the al-Andalus. Developing an ontoterminology requires an interdisciplinary approach, which effectively places terminology as a subject matter between linguistics and knowledge representation and reasoning. The example of lighting artefacts shown in this paper demonstrates that the archaeological typologies have information that is implied or conflated in their proposed ordering of artefacts. While the purpose of the typologies is to express the names of artefact types in Islamic archaeology, the development of an ontoterminology requires a formalism in which the essential characteristics of each artefact type are made explicit. This allows for a better understanding of the typologies of artefacts through logical reasoning.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActes de la conférence TOTh 2017
Subtitle of host publicationTerminologie & Ontologie: Théories et Applications
EditorsS. Carvalho, C. Brun
Place of PublicationChambéry
PublisherÉditions de l’université de Savoie Mont Blanc
Pages221-236
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-2-919732-80-7
ISBN (Print)978-2-919732-80-7
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2018
EventTOTh 2017 - Terminology & Ontology: Theories and applications under the subject of “The contribution of Ontology to Terminology - USMB, Chambéry, France
Duration: 8 Jun 20179 Jun 2017

Conference

ConferenceTOTh 2017 - Terminology & Ontology: Theories and applications under the subject of “The contribution of Ontology to Terminology
CountryFrance
CityChambéry
Period8/06/179/06/17

Keywords

  • Terminology
  • Ontology
  • Islamic archaeology of the al-Andalus
  • Digital Humanities

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