Arabinoxylan from Corn Fiber Obtained through Alkaline Extraction and Membrane Purification: Relating Bioactivities with the Phenolic Compounds

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Abstract

Arabinoxylan has prebiotic properties, as it is able to resist digestion in the small intestine and undergoes fermentation in the large intestine. In this work, arabinoxylan was extracted from corn fiber using an alkaline solution and further purified with membrane processing. It was found that the extracts were mainly composed of xylose (50–52%), arabinose (37–39%), galactose (9%) and glucose (1–4%), with an A/X ratio of 0.72–0.77. All the extracts were composed of phenolic compounds, including ferulic acid derivatives such as dimers, trimers and tetramers. The purified extract had a lower concentration of ferulic and p-coumaric acid (0.004 and 0.02 mg/mgdry_weight, respectively) when compared to raw extract (19.30 and 2.74 mg/mgdry_weight, respectively). The same effect was observed for the antioxidant activity, with purified extracts having a lower value (0.17 ± 0.02 µmol TEAC/mg) when compared to the raw extract (2.20 ± 0.35 µmol TEAC/mg). The purified extract showed a greater antiproliferative effect against the HT29 cell line with EC50 = 0.12 ± 0.02 mg/mL when compared to the raw extract (EC50 = 5.60 ± 1.6 mg/mL). Both raw and purified extracts did not show any cytotoxicity to the Caco-2 cell line in the maximum concentration tested (10 mg/mL).
Original languageEnglish
Article number5621
Number of pages10
JournalMolecules
Volume28
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • antiproliferative effect
  • arabinoxylan
  • Caco-2 cell line
  • cytotoxicity
  • ferulic acid
  • HT29 cell line

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