Application-based covid-19 micro-mobility solution for safe and smart navigation in pandemics

Sumit Mishra, Nikhil Singh, Devanjan Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Short distance travel and commute being inevitable, safe route planning in pandemics for micro-mobility, i.e., cycling and walking, is extremely important for the safety of oneself and others. Hence, we propose an application-based solution using COVID-19 occurrence data and a multi-criteria route planning technique for cyclists and pedestrians. This study aims at objectively determining the routes based on various criteria on COVID-19 safety of a given route while keeping the user away from potential COVID-19 transmission spots. The vulnerable spots include places such as a hospital or medical zones, contained residential areas, and roads with a high connectivity and influx of people. The proposed algorithm returns a multi-criteria route modeled on COVID-19-modified parameters of micro-mobility and betweenness centrality considering COVID-19 avoidance as well as the shortest available safe route for user ease and shortened time of outside environment exposure. We verified our routing algorithm in a part of Delhi, India, by visualizing containment zones and medical establishments. The results with COVID-19 data analysis and route planning suggest a safer route in the context of the coronavirus outbreak as compared to normal navigation and on average route extension is within 8%–12%. Moreover, for further advancement and post-COVID-19 era, we discuss the need for adding open data policy and the spatial system architecture for data usage, as a part of a pandemic strategy. The study contributes new micro-mobility parameters adapted for COVID-19 and policy guidelines based on aggregated contact tracing data analysis maintaining privacy, security, and anonymity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number571
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19 routing problem
  • Geospa-tial analysis
  • Information management system
  • Pandemic urban sustenance
  • Susceptibility mapping

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