Antiphospholipid antibodies and lower extremity peripheral artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mira Merashli, Tommaso Bucci, Daniele Pastori, Pasquale Pignatelli, Vincenzo Marottoli, Alessia Arcaro, Fabrizio Gentile, Paul RJ Ames

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To evaluate the clinical relevance of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). Data sources: EMBASE and MEDLINE databases were searched from inception to March 2020 for clinical studies reporting on the association between of aPL [IgG/IgM anticardiolipin (aCL) and lupus anticoagulant (LA)] and PAD. Methods: We determined the pooled prevalence (PP) of patients positive for aPL in PAD or the PP of PAD in patients positive for aPL; we employed Peto's odds ratio with random effect for the meta-analysis. Results: Twenty-one studies comprising 6,057 patients were evaluated: in patients with PAD, the PP of IgG aCL was 12% vs 4.1% in those without, IgM aCL was 13.2% vs 2.1%, and LA 13.3% vs 3.3%, respectively. The PP of patients with LA was greater in critical limb ischemia than in the control group (19.3% vs 4.2%). Also, the PP of patients with LA was greater in the failed than in the successful revascularisation group (35.8% vs 15.8%). The PP of post-procedural revascularisation failures was similar in the groups given or not given oral anticoagulation (59.2% vs 61.9%). Conclusion: All the aPL related to PAD regardless of diagnostic definition used, whereas LA related also to critical limb ischaemia and failed revascularisation. Data expressed as percentage of participants positive for aPL limit the interpretation of these relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1291-1298
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Antiphosholipid antibodies
  • Lupus anticoagulant
  • Peripheral artery disease


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