Antifouling napyradiomycins from marine-derived actinomycetes streptomyces aculeolatus

Florbela Pereira, Joana R. Almeida, Marisa Paulino, Inês R. Grilo, Helena Macedo, Isabel Cunha, Rita G. Sobral, Vitor Vasconcelos, Susana P. Gaudêncio

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Abstract

The undesired attachment of micro and macroorganisms on water-immersed surfaces, known as marine biofouling, results in severe prevention and maintenance costs (billions €/year) for aquaculture, shipping and other industries that rely on coastal and off-shore infrastructures. To date, there are no sustainable, cost-effective and environmentally safe solutions to address this challenging phenomenon. Therefore, we investigated the antifouling activity of napyradiomycin derivatives that were isolated from actinomycetes from ocean sediments collected off the Madeira Archipelago. Our results revealed that napyradiomycins inhibited ≥80% of the marine biofilm-forming bacteria assayed, as well as the settlement of Mytilus galloprovincialis larvae (EC50 < 5 µg/ml and LC50/EC50 >15), without viability impairment. In silico prediction of toxicity end points are of the same order of magnitude of standard approved drugs and biocides. Altogether, napyradiomycins disclosed bioactivity against marine micro and macrofouling organisms, and non-toxic effects towards the studied species, displaying potential to be used in the development of antifouling products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number63
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • Actinomycetes
  • Antibiofilm
  • Antifouling
  • Biofouling
  • Bioprospection
  • Drug discovery
  • Hybrid isoprenoids
  • Marine natural products
  • Meroterpenoids
  • Napyradiomycins

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