Antibodies towards high-density lipoprotein components in patients with psoriasis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune disorder associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis. This increased risk is not fully understood. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) play an important role in the prevention of atherosclerosis and any factors that may hamper HDL function such as anti-HDL antibodies (aHDL) might be associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. We aimed to determine whether anti-HDL antibodies (aHDL) are present in patients with psoriasis. Sixty-seven patients with psoriasis were compared with a healthy control group. Epidemiologic and clinical data were recorded. IgG and IgM aHDL, IgG anti-apolipoprotein A-I (aApoA-I), anti-apolipoprotein E (aApoE), and anti-paraoxonase 1 (aPON1) antibodies, as well as VCAM-1, IL-6, and TNF-α were assessed by ELISA. Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) and Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) were measured by immunoturbidimetric immunoassay. Patients with psoriasis had higher titers of IgG aHDL (p < 0.001), IgG aApoA-I (p = 0.001) and aApoE antibodies (p < 0.001). IgG aHDL and aApoE titers were higher in patients with severe psoriasis (p = 0.010 and p = 0.018, respectively). Multiple regression analysis, considering all clinical and biological variables, showed that aApoE, IL-6, and aPON1 are the biological variables that best explain aHDL variability. This is the first report showing the presence of aHDL, aApoA-I, and aApoE antibodies in patients with psoriasis. These antibodies were associated with increased disease severity and may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in psoriasis. They may fulfill the clinical need for biomarkers of cardiovascular risk associated with psoriasis that would help to stratify patients for prevention and therapeutic approaches.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives Of Dermatological Research
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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HDL Lipoproteins
Psoriasis
Apolipoproteins E
Antibodies
Apolipoprotein A-I
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Aryldialkylphosphatase
Atherosclerosis
Immunoglobulin G
Interleukin-6
Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
Immune System Diseases
Immunoassay
Immunoglobulin M
Biomarkers
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Regression Analysis
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Anti-apolipoprotein A1 antibodies
  • Anti-apolipoprotein E antibodies
  • Anti-high-density lipoproteins antibodies
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Psoriasis

Cite this

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title = "Antibodies towards high-density lipoprotein components in patients with psoriasis",
abstract = "Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune disorder associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis. This increased risk is not fully understood. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) play an important role in the prevention of atherosclerosis and any factors that may hamper HDL function such as anti-HDL antibodies (aHDL) might be associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. We aimed to determine whether anti-HDL antibodies (aHDL) are present in patients with psoriasis. Sixty-seven patients with psoriasis were compared with a healthy control group. Epidemiologic and clinical data were recorded. IgG and IgM aHDL, IgG anti-apolipoprotein A-I (aApoA-I), anti-apolipoprotein E (aApoE), and anti-paraoxonase 1 (aPON1) antibodies, as well as VCAM-1, IL-6, and TNF-α were assessed by ELISA. Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) and Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) were measured by immunoturbidimetric immunoassay. Patients with psoriasis had higher titers of IgG aHDL (p < 0.001), IgG aApoA-I (p = 0.001) and aApoE antibodies (p < 0.001). IgG aHDL and aApoE titers were higher in patients with severe psoriasis (p = 0.010 and p = 0.018, respectively). Multiple regression analysis, considering all clinical and biological variables, showed that aApoE, IL-6, and aPON1 are the biological variables that best explain aHDL variability. This is the first report showing the presence of aHDL, aApoA-I, and aApoE antibodies in patients with psoriasis. These antibodies were associated with increased disease severity and may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in psoriasis. They may fulfill the clinical need for biomarkers of cardiovascular risk associated with psoriasis that would help to stratify patients for prevention and therapeutic approaches.",
keywords = "Anti-apolipoprotein A1 antibodies, Anti-apolipoprotein E antibodies, Anti-high-density lipoproteins antibodies, Atherosclerosis, Psoriasis",
author = "Paiva-Lopes, {Maria Joao} and Batuca, {Joana R.} and Sofia Gouveia and Marta Alves and Papoila, {Ana Luisa} and Alves, {Jos{\'e} Delgado}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1007/s00403-019-01986-x",
language = "English",
journal = "Archives Of Dermatological Research",
issn = "0340-3696",
publisher = "Springer Science Business Media",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Antibodies towards high-density lipoprotein components in patients with psoriasis

AU - Paiva-Lopes, Maria Joao

AU - Batuca, Joana R.

AU - Gouveia, Sofia

AU - Alves, Marta

AU - Papoila, Ana Luisa

AU - Alves, José Delgado

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune disorder associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis. This increased risk is not fully understood. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) play an important role in the prevention of atherosclerosis and any factors that may hamper HDL function such as anti-HDL antibodies (aHDL) might be associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. We aimed to determine whether anti-HDL antibodies (aHDL) are present in patients with psoriasis. Sixty-seven patients with psoriasis were compared with a healthy control group. Epidemiologic and clinical data were recorded. IgG and IgM aHDL, IgG anti-apolipoprotein A-I (aApoA-I), anti-apolipoprotein E (aApoE), and anti-paraoxonase 1 (aPON1) antibodies, as well as VCAM-1, IL-6, and TNF-α were assessed by ELISA. Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) and Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) were measured by immunoturbidimetric immunoassay. Patients with psoriasis had higher titers of IgG aHDL (p < 0.001), IgG aApoA-I (p = 0.001) and aApoE antibodies (p < 0.001). IgG aHDL and aApoE titers were higher in patients with severe psoriasis (p = 0.010 and p = 0.018, respectively). Multiple regression analysis, considering all clinical and biological variables, showed that aApoE, IL-6, and aPON1 are the biological variables that best explain aHDL variability. This is the first report showing the presence of aHDL, aApoA-I, and aApoE antibodies in patients with psoriasis. These antibodies were associated with increased disease severity and may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in psoriasis. They may fulfill the clinical need for biomarkers of cardiovascular risk associated with psoriasis that would help to stratify patients for prevention and therapeutic approaches.

AB - Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune disorder associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis. This increased risk is not fully understood. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) play an important role in the prevention of atherosclerosis and any factors that may hamper HDL function such as anti-HDL antibodies (aHDL) might be associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. We aimed to determine whether anti-HDL antibodies (aHDL) are present in patients with psoriasis. Sixty-seven patients with psoriasis were compared with a healthy control group. Epidemiologic and clinical data were recorded. IgG and IgM aHDL, IgG anti-apolipoprotein A-I (aApoA-I), anti-apolipoprotein E (aApoE), and anti-paraoxonase 1 (aPON1) antibodies, as well as VCAM-1, IL-6, and TNF-α were assessed by ELISA. Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) and Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) were measured by immunoturbidimetric immunoassay. Patients with psoriasis had higher titers of IgG aHDL (p < 0.001), IgG aApoA-I (p = 0.001) and aApoE antibodies (p < 0.001). IgG aHDL and aApoE titers were higher in patients with severe psoriasis (p = 0.010 and p = 0.018, respectively). Multiple regression analysis, considering all clinical and biological variables, showed that aApoE, IL-6, and aPON1 are the biological variables that best explain aHDL variability. This is the first report showing the presence of aHDL, aApoA-I, and aApoE antibodies in patients with psoriasis. These antibodies were associated with increased disease severity and may contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in psoriasis. They may fulfill the clinical need for biomarkers of cardiovascular risk associated with psoriasis that would help to stratify patients for prevention and therapeutic approaches.

KW - Anti-apolipoprotein A1 antibodies

KW - Anti-apolipoprotein E antibodies

KW - Anti-high-density lipoproteins antibodies

KW - Atherosclerosis

KW - Psoriasis

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U2 - 10.1007/s00403-019-01986-x

DO - 10.1007/s00403-019-01986-x

M3 - Article

JO - Archives Of Dermatological Research

JF - Archives Of Dermatological Research

SN - 0340-3696

ER -