Anthocyanins: Revisiting Nature’s Glamorous Palette

Maria J. Melo, Fernando Pina, Natercia Teixeira, Claude Andary

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Anthocyanins represent a group of ubiquitous water-soluble pigments found in most flowers and fruits. These dyes are responsible for impressive colors in the range from orange-red to purple-blue, and thus are highly interesting for many applications. In this chapter, an explanation of the basic reactions leading to molecular rearrangement and loss of color of these dyes is given. Dependent on pH, a series of reactions including proton transfer, hydration, tautomerization and isomerization lead to irreversible formation of the colorless chalcones. Strategies for color stabilization for different applications are presented and examples for commercial products and processing are given.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Natural Colorants
EditorsChristian Stevens, Thomas Bechtold, Avinash Manian, Tung Pham
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)978-111981174-9
ISBN (Print)978-111981171-8
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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