Angioedema associado aos fármacos inibidores do eixo renina-angiotensina--aldosterona: Experiência do centro hospitalar de lisboa ocidental

Translated title of the contribution: Angioedema related to the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in lisbon

Rita Albuquerque Sousa, Ana Teresa Silva, Rui Melo Cabral, Fátima Cruz, Sílvia Pereira, Pedro Escada

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Abstract

Introduction: Although rare, angioedema is an adverse event of the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system inhibitors (RAAi) that can be fatal due to airway obstruction. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe these episodes in patients referred to a tertiary care hospital in Lisbon, Portugal. Methods: Retrospective observational study. Inclusion criteria: patients diagnosed with angioedema of the face and upper airway, under treatment with RAAi; exclusion criteria: patients diagnosed with angioedema associated to urticaria or hypersensitivity to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Results 49 patients were reviewed, 23 of which were female, median age of 67 years old (min=28; máx=93). Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) were related to the event in 77.55% of the cases (n = 38), angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) in 18.37% (n=9) and a combination of the two drugs in 4.08%(n=2). The episodes were located to the face region in 44.9% of the cases (n=22); to the airway in 34.7% (n=17); and a combination of the two in 20.4% (n= 10). Patients resort to an emergency department in 63.3% of the cases (n=31). Tracheotomy was necessary in one patient. Conclusions: The diagnosis and management of angioedema related to the RAAi represents a challenge. Although ACEi are more frequently associated with the episodes, ARBs cannot be considered as a safe alternative.

Translated title of the contributionAngioedema related to the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in lisbon
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Imunoalergologia
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • ACEi
  • Airway
  • Angioedema
  • ARBs
  • Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors

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