Anatomical Basis, Histological Findings and Hemodinamics in the Modern Perfusion Model for Human Corpses

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Introduction: Several modern human cadaveric fixation methods are subject to permanent evaluation. Formaldehyde is the oldest and still the most widely used method of embalming. However, the International Agency for Research on Cancer has proven its high carcinogenic potential and its use was banned, with the recommendation of research for better alternatives in the conservation of corpses. The embalming method of excellence, which preserves all features, while keeping the disinfectant properties against cadaveric decomposition was proposed by João Goyri O’Neill. Their method was considered “the most modern and efficient technique in cadaveric preservation”. The aim of this present study was to analyze the quality of this original perfusion technique, at the organic level, based on central and peripheral hemodynamics. The cadaveric material was embalmed through a pulsed arterial perfusion system, connected to an automatic intermittent pump, that permits stability of the microvascular network, as well as the computerized measurement of the main perfusion parameters, such as flow and pressure. This procedure ensures good preservation of color, elasticity, texture, flexibility and fresh appearance, for several years. The morphological characteristics of the organs exhibited astonishing similarity to the living organic tissues, even several years after embalming and high freezing. Microscopic analysis demonstrated preservation of the structure of vessels, such as the aorta. Further studies on the integrity of the endocardial layer of the heart will enable to adapt the intermittent perfusion pump system to best simulate cardiac rhythm and arterial pulse, during cadaveric surgical training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-441
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Morphological Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Artery
  • Embalming
  • Gross anatomy
  • Hemodynamic
  • Perfusion
  • Vessel


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