Research is being conducted on the use of shape memory alloys, in particular NiTi, in civil engineering, due to the superelastic behavior of NiTi which can be used for damping. In this particular application, NiTi has to be joined to steel, which constitutes a major difficulty due to the considerably different properties of materials involved and the poor weldability of NiTi. Brazing was investigated for this application, since it is an economic and efficient process to joint dissimilar materials. This paper presents a study on the mechanical behavior in the superelastic regime of dissimilar NiTi/steel joints and the feasibility of a nondestructive method based on eddy currents to characterize the weld metal. Brazed joints in lap configuration were produced with a 20 % Ag braze alloy and tested under fatigue conditions in the superelastic regime. Lap joints of steel rods to NiTi ribbons have undergone up to 60 cycles of load/unload without rupture at a maximum load of the superelastic plateau close to the pull-out load of the joint. Measurements of the electrical impedance, with a helicoidal cylindrical coil along the lap joint, allowed the identification of the location of the joint, with a good spatial resolution characterizing the morphology of the brazed joints.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal Of Advanced Manufacturing Technology|
|Publication status||Published - May 2013|
- Shape memory alloys
- Superelastic behavior
- Nondestructive testing (NDT)