Analysis of the microcrystalline inclusion compounds of triclosan with beta-cyclodextrin and its tris-O-methylated derivative

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Solid 1:1 inclusion compounds of triclosan with native and permethylated 6-cyclodextrin (beta-CD and TRIMEB) were prepared by co-crystallisation and co-evaporation, respectively, and studied by FT-IR and C-13{H-1} CP/MAS NMR spectroscopies, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction and theoretical calculations. Results showed that triclosan inclusion into TRIMEB afforded an amorphous solid, whilst beta-CD triclosan is composed of microcrystals belonging to two different phases. In the phase featuring larger crystals, X-ray diffraction was carried out and the beta-CD host units, packing head-to-head in infinite channels, were refined; the geometry for the included but highly disordered triclosan molecules was assessed by theoretical calculations. The bacterial growth inhibitory action of the inclusion compounds was studied in comparison to that of pure triclosan on Gram-negative (Salmonella, Escherichia) and Gram-positive strains (Bacillus, Listeria, Enterococcus and Staphylococcus) typically associated with human pathologies, and also on environmental bacteria isolated from different soil and water sources. The antimicrobial activities obtained in the present work showed that, of the two CD hosts, TRIMEB brings the most favourable carrier effect: it reduced the toxicity of triclosan against some of the environmental strains and afforded slightly higher action against virulent strains. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)34-43
JournalJournal Of Pharmaceutical And Biomedical Analysis
Issue numberNA
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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