Analysing gender differences in building social goal models: A quasi-experiment

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Recent research has shown gender differences in problem-solving, and gender biases in how software supports it. GenderMag has 5 problem-solving facets related to gender-inclusiveness: motivation for using the software, information processing style, computer self-efficacy, attitude towards risk, and ways of learning new technology. Some facet values are more frequent in women, others in men. The role these facets may play when building social goal models is largely unexplored. Objectives: We evaluated the impact of different levels of GenderMag facets on creating and modifying iStar 2.0 models. Methods: We performed a quasi-experiment. We characterised 100 participants according to each GenderMag facet. Participants performed creation and modification tasks on iStar 2.0. We measured their accuracy, speed, and ease, using metrics of task success, time, and effort, collected with eye-tracking, EEG and EDA sensors, and participants' feedback. Results: Although participants with facet levels frequently seen in women had lower perceived performance and speed, their accuracy was higher. We also observed some statistically significant differences in visual effort, mental effort, and stress. Conclusions: Participants with a comprehensive information processing style and a more conservative attitude towards risk (characteristics more frequently seen in women) solved the tasks with a lower speed but higher accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 IEEE 27th International Requirements Engineering Conference, RE 2019
EditorsDaniela Damian, Anna Perini, Seok-Won Lee
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages165-176
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781728139128
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019
Event27th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference, RE 2019 - Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 23 Sep 201927 Sep 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Requirements Engineering
PublisherEEE Computer Society
Volume2019-September
ISSN (Print)1090-705X
ISSN (Electronic)2332-6441

Conference

Conference27th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference, RE 2019
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju Island
Period23/09/1927/09/19

Keywords

  • Biometrics
  • Gender
  • IStar 2.0
  • Social goal models

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