Anaesthetics and analgesics used in adult fish for research

A review

Tânia Martins, Ana Valentim, Nuno Pereira, Luis Marques Antunes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The number of fish used in research has increased in the last decades. Anaesthesia is required when fish must be held immobile and it is crucial to promote fish welfare, because these vertebrates can show signs of stress and/or pain during handling, transport, tagging, sampling and invasive procedures. The use of an inadequate anaesthetic protocol can compromise not only the welfare of the fish, but also the reliability of the research results. Thus, the development of suitable anaesthetic regimes for each fish species is important. This article reviews the main anaesthetic and analgesic agents used in adult fish in a research setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23677218815199
Pages (from-to)325-341
JournalLABORATORY ANIMALS
Volume53
Issue number4
Early online date4 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Fingerprint

analgesics
anesthetics
Analgesics
Anesthetics
Fishes
fish
Research
Reproducibility of Results
Vertebrates
pain
anesthesia
Anesthesia
vertebrates
Pain
sampling

Keywords

  • Anaesthesia
  • ethics
  • laboratory fish
  • refinement
  • welfare

Cite this

Martins, Tânia ; Valentim, Ana ; Pereira, Nuno ; Antunes, Luis Marques. / Anaesthetics and analgesics used in adult fish for research : A review. In: LABORATORY ANIMALS. 2019 ; Vol. 53, No. 4. pp. 325-341.
@article{f851201a09af434c9b9d03ff38b58353,
title = "Anaesthetics and analgesics used in adult fish for research: A review",
abstract = "The number of fish used in research has increased in the last decades. Anaesthesia is required when fish must be held immobile and it is crucial to promote fish welfare, because these vertebrates can show signs of stress and/or pain during handling, transport, tagging, sampling and invasive procedures. The use of an inadequate anaesthetic protocol can compromise not only the welfare of the fish, but also the reliability of the research results. Thus, the development of suitable anaesthetic regimes for each fish species is important. This article reviews the main anaesthetic and analgesic agents used in adult fish in a research setting.",
keywords = "Anaesthesia, ethics, laboratory fish, refinement, welfare",
author = "T{\^a}nia Martins and Ana Valentim and Nuno Pereira and Antunes, {Luis Marques}",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1177/0023677218815199",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "325--341",
journal = "LABORATORY ANIMALS",
issn = "0023-6772",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
number = "4",

}

Martins, T, Valentim, A, Pereira, N & Antunes, LM 2019, 'Anaesthetics and analgesics used in adult fish for research: A review', LABORATORY ANIMALS, vol. 53, no. 4, 23677218815199, pp. 325-341. https://doi.org/10.1177/0023677218815199

Anaesthetics and analgesics used in adult fish for research : A review. / Martins, Tânia; Valentim, Ana; Pereira, Nuno; Antunes, Luis Marques.

In: LABORATORY ANIMALS, Vol. 53, No. 4, 23677218815199, 08.2019, p. 325-341.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anaesthetics and analgesics used in adult fish for research

T2 - A review

AU - Martins, Tânia

AU - Valentim, Ana

AU - Pereira, Nuno

AU - Antunes, Luis Marques

PY - 2019/8

Y1 - 2019/8

N2 - The number of fish used in research has increased in the last decades. Anaesthesia is required when fish must be held immobile and it is crucial to promote fish welfare, because these vertebrates can show signs of stress and/or pain during handling, transport, tagging, sampling and invasive procedures. The use of an inadequate anaesthetic protocol can compromise not only the welfare of the fish, but also the reliability of the research results. Thus, the development of suitable anaesthetic regimes for each fish species is important. This article reviews the main anaesthetic and analgesic agents used in adult fish in a research setting.

AB - The number of fish used in research has increased in the last decades. Anaesthesia is required when fish must be held immobile and it is crucial to promote fish welfare, because these vertebrates can show signs of stress and/or pain during handling, transport, tagging, sampling and invasive procedures. The use of an inadequate anaesthetic protocol can compromise not only the welfare of the fish, but also the reliability of the research results. Thus, the development of suitable anaesthetic regimes for each fish species is important. This article reviews the main anaesthetic and analgesic agents used in adult fish in a research setting.

KW - Anaesthesia

KW - ethics

KW - laboratory fish

KW - refinement

KW - welfare

U2 - 10.1177/0023677218815199

DO - 10.1177/0023677218815199

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 325

EP - 341

JO - LABORATORY ANIMALS

JF - LABORATORY ANIMALS

SN - 0023-6772

IS - 4

M1 - 23677218815199

ER -