An Overview of Germanic Grisailles through the Stained-Glass Collection at Pena Palace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


The lack of studies reporting the characterisation of Germanic grisaille is evident, despite the recent interest of researchers in this glass painting material. This work consists of the first assessment of Germanic grisaille’ chemical composition on a wide chronology (14th–19th centuries), that was only possible through the unique stained-glass collection of King Ferdinand II of Portugal. From the considerable amount of panels produced in Germanic territory and assembled by Ferdinand, twenty-two panels were characterised, and some trends of glass support typical composition and grisaille recipes were verified through this case study. A copper-based grisaille appears to have been the preference up to the 18th century. The 19th century shows higher diversity in composition, with new compounds (such as Co, Cr, Mn) appearing as colourising materials. However, with a limited number of analyses, and dispersed throughout time and different geographic locations, the results of this study are unprecedented, by being able to present the first overview on grisaille composition in Germanic stained glasses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1023
Number of pages21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2022


  • 14th–19th centuries
  • chemical composition
  • Germanic productions
  • grisaille
  • stained glass


Dive into the research topics of 'An Overview of Germanic Grisailles through the Stained-Glass Collection at Pena Palace'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this