An improved method for two-dimensional fluorescence monitoring of complex bioreactors

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An improved method for deconvoluting complex spectral maps from bidimensional fluorescence monitoring is presented, relying on a combination of principal component analysis (PCA) and feedforward artificial neural networks (ANN). With the aim of reducing ANN complexity, spectral maps are first subjected to PCA, and the scores of the retained principal components are subsequently used as ANN input vector. The method is presented using the case study of an extractive membrane biofilm reactor, where fluorescence maps of a membrane-attached biofilm were analysed, which were collected under different reactor operating conditions. During ANN training, the spectral information is associated with process performance indicators. Originally, 231 excitation/emission pairs per fluorescence map were used as ANN input vector. Using PCA, each fluorescence map could be represented by a maximum of six principal components, thereby catching 99.5% of its variance. As a result, the dimension of the ANN input vector and hence the complexity of the artificial neural network was significantly reduced, and ANN training speed was increased. Correlations between principal components and ANN predicted process performance parameters were good with correlation coefficients in the order of 0.7 or higher. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)801-812
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

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