An e-learning theoretical framework

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E-learning systems have witnessed a usage and research increase in the past decade. This article presents the e-learning concepts ecosystem. It summarizes the various scopes on e-learning studies. Here we propose an e-learning theoretical framework. This theory framework is based upon three principal dimensions: users, technology, and services related to e-learning. This article presents an in-depth literature review on those dimensions. The article first presents the related concepts of computer use in learning across time, revealing the emergence of new trends on e-learning. The theoretical framework is a contribution for guiding e-learning studies. The article classifies the stakeholder groups and their relationship with e-learning systems. The framework shows a typology of e-learning systems' services. This theoretical approach integrates learning strategies, technologies and stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-307
Number of pages16
JournalEducational Technology and Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • E-learning
  • E-Learning concept evolution
  • E-Learning framework
  • E-Learning literature review
  • E-Learning systems dimensions
  • MOOC


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