Relectura arqueológica del pozo-cisterna de la fortaleza de Gijón (Asturias, Norte de España): la civitas Gegionem durante el primer siglo del Reino de Asturias (720-840 AD)

Translated title of the contribution: An archaeological reassessment of the well-cistern in the fortress of Gijón (Asturias, Northern Spain): the civitas Gegionem during the first century of the Asturian kingdom (720-840 AD)

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Abstract

Una revisión de los datos publicados sobre la estructura hidráulica descubierta en Gjón permite articular una lectura alternativa a la mantenida hasta ahora. Frente a un proceso de abandono plurisecular se plantea la amortización del pozo a consecuencia de un evento traumático durante el último tercio del siglo VIII d.C. El excepcional conjunto de hallazgos que apareció en su interior es congruente con la vinculación del pozo a una autoridad política relevante. Esta circunstancia motiva la discusión sobre el posible papel jugado por la fortaleza de Gijón durante la formación del Reino de Asturias y el paradójico silencio que sobre este centro mantienen las crónicas asturianas entre la retirada de la guarnición musulmana (ca. 720 d.C.) y la primera referencia a la llegada de normandos a la costa asturiana (ca. 844 d.C.).

The review of the published data on the hydraulic structure discovered in Gijon leads to an interpretation alternative to the current one. Instead of a process of abandonment lasting several centuries, we propose that the disuse of the well was the result of a traumatic event happened during the last third of the eighth century AD. The exceptional assemblage of undings recovered inside is consistent with a connection between this well-cistern and a relevant political authority. This fact brings out the discussion about the role possibly played by the fortress of Gijón during the formation of the Kingdom of Asturias and the paradoxical silence maintained about this centre in the Asturian chronicles between the withdrawal of the Muslim garrison (ca. 720 AD) and the first reference to the arrival of Normans to the Asturian coast (ca. 844 AD)
Translated title of the contributionAn archaeological reassessment of the well-cistern in the fortress of Gijón (Asturias, Northern Spain): the civitas Gegionem during the first century of the Asturian kingdom (720-840 AD)
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)265-281
Number of pages17
JournalMunibe
Volume69
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Estilo de vida elitista
  • Centro político
  • Alta Edad Media
  • Registro arqueológico

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