One of the main challenges in experimental fracture mechanics is to correctly estimate fracture parameters of a nonhomogeneous and nonlinear material under large deformation. The crack tip detection is strongly affected by fibers at crack tip, leading to inaccurate measures. To overcome this limitation, a novel methodology based on the Digital Image Correlation (DIC) method for crack tip detection of fibrous soft composites is proposed in this work. The unidirectional composite was manufactured using a matrix of polydimethylsiloxane reinforced with a single layer of extensible cotton knit fabric. For two different fiber orientations, the crack growth (da), Crack Tip Opening Displacement (CTOD) and Crack Tip Opening Angle (CTOA) were determined using pure shear specimens under mode I fracture. A consistent estimation of fracture parameters was obtained. The location of the crack tip position during the fracture test using the DIC-based methodology was validated against a visual inspection approach. Results indicated that the DIC-based methodology is easily replicable, precise and robust.
- Digital image correlation
- crack tip opening angle
- crack tip opening displacement
- mode I fracture