An Adaptive Learning-Based Approach for Vehicle Mobility Prediction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This work presents an innovative methodology to predict the future trajectories of vehicles when its current and previous locations are known. We propose an algorithm to adapt the vehicles trajectories' data based on consecutive GPS locations and to construct a statistical inference module that can be used online for mobility prediction. The inference module is based on a hidden Markov model (HMM), where each trajectory is modeled as a subset of consecutive locations. The prediction stage uses the statistical information inferred so far and is based on the Viterbi algorithm, which identifies the subset of consecutive locations (hidden information) with the maximum likelihood when a prior subset of locations are known (observations). By analyzing the disadvantages of using the Viterbi algorithm (TDVIT) when the number of hidden states increases, we propose an enhanced algorithm (OPTVIT), which decreases the prediction computation time. Offline analysis of vehicle mobility is conducted through the evaluation of a dataset containing real traces of 442 taxis running in the city of Porto, Portugal, during a full year. Experimental results obtained with the dataset show that the prediction process is improved when more information about prior vehicle mobility is available. Moreover, the computation time of the prediction process is significantly improved when OPTVIT is adopted and approximately 90% of prediction performance can be achieved, showing the effectiveness of the proposed method for vehicle trajectory prediction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9326302
Pages (from-to)13671-13682
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • estimation and modeling
  • hidden Markov model
  • machine learning
  • Trajectory prediction

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