Alterations in juvenile flatfish gill epithelia induced by sediment-bound toxicants: A comparative in situ and ex situ study

Carla Martins, António P. Alves de Matos, Maria H. Costa, P.M. Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Juvenile Solea senegalensis were exposed in the laboratory (ex situ) and field (in situ) to different sediments of a moderately impacted estuary (the Sado, Portugal) for 28 days. A qualitative histopathological screening yielded scant lesions to gills, albeit alterations such as epithelial hyperplasia being evident and more frequent in fish exposed ex situ. Fully quantitative traits, namely chloride and goblet cell count and size revealed differences between the two bioassay approaches, with ex situ experiments likely enhancing bioavailability of toxicants. Chloride cells endured autolytic processes that could, at least in part, relate to contamination by mixed metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Goblet cells did not reveal changes in the chemistry of mucous. Still, their number and size was reduced in fish exposed ex situ to the sediments most contaminated by PAHs, with evidence for adaptation. Also, copper histochemistry revealed the potential role of mucocytes in the regulation of metals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-130
Number of pages9
JournalMarine Environmental Research
Volume112
Issue numberPart A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Aquatic pollution
  • Chloride cell
  • Flatfish
  • Goblet cell
  • Histopathology

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