Airway and Respiratory Devices in the Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

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Abstract

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common ICU-acquired infection among patients under mechanical ventilation (MV). It may occur in up to 50% of mechanically ventilated patients and is associated with an increased duration of MV, antibiotic consumption, increased morbidity, and mortality. VAP prevention is a multifaceted priority of the intensive care team. The use of specialized artificial airways and other devices can have an impact on the prevention of VAP. However, these devices can also have adverse effects, and aspects of their efficacy in the prevention of VAP are still a matter of debate. This article provides a narrative review of how different airway and respiratory devices may help to reduce the incidence of VAP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number199
JournalMedicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • airway devices
  • mortality
  • prevention
  • respiratory devices
  • ventilator-associated
  • pneumonia

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