Air pollution and cardiovascular diseases: A position paper

Daniel Caldeira, Fátima Franco, Sérgio Bravo Baptista, Sofia Cabral, Maria do Carmo Cachulo, Hélder Dores, António Peixeiro, Rui Rodrigues, Mário Santos, Ana Teresa Timóteo, João Vasconcelos, Lino Gonçalves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)


Air pollution is one of the main environmental risk factors for health and is linked to cardiovascular diseases, which are the leading cause of mortality worldwide. In this position paper, we discuss the main air pollutants and how they can promote the development of cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular events. We also summarise the main evidence supporting the association between air pollution and cardiovascular events, such as coronary events (acute coronary syndromes/myocardial infarction; chronic coronary syndromes), stroke, heart failure and mortality. Some recommendations are made based on these data and the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention, acknowledging that it is important to increase awareness and literacy on this topic in Portugal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-717
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


  • Air pollution
  • Burden of disease
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Ischemic heart disease


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