AIDS in Portugal: Endemic versus epidemic forecasting scenarios for mortality

Manuela M. Oliveira, J. T. Mexia

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Both epidemic and endemic scenarios have been proposed to study the evolution of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Portugal. This article presents a multistage model to study AIDS in which the stage of infected patients precedes the stage of death by AIDS. The STATIS methodology (Structuration des Tableaux à Trois Indices de la Statistique) is used to condensate the information for these two stages. The results for the stage of infection enabled the choice of time dependent control variables for prediction of the number of deaths and the assessment of the effectiveness of anti-retro-virus treatments. These predictions point towards endemic scenarios and to anti-retro virus treatments effectiveness lower than in other European countries. Moreover, when both series are jointly considered, the results obtained point to a lag of 2 to 3 years between infection by AIDS and death by connected causes. The multistage approach is more centered on actual data than other approaches (e.g. back-projection).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-135
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Forecasting
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004


  • AIDS
  • Hidden periods
  • Multistage model


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