Agri-Food Value Chain Traceability Using Blockchain Technology: Portuguese Hams’ Production Scenario

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2 Citations (Scopus)
27 Downloads (Pure)


The globalization of food markets has led companies to buy products not only locally, but also from other corners of the world. This has introduced complexity into supply chains, as products have to move longer distances and pass through more companies before reaching the end consumer. The meat industry has been no different. Events such as animal disease outbreaks have diminished consumer confidence in the industry and the supply chain. Coupled with this, consumers started demanding “more transparent” meat products. This has led companies to think about new traceability systems, which continue to enforce food safety and health rules, but at the same time enhance and make transparent to the consumer the origin and constitution of their products. This article proposes a traceability system in the agri-food (meat industry) with a multi-chain architecture, among them, blockchain. The use of blockchain in the traceability system helped to mitigate the omission of relevant data for the traceability process, allowing us to guarantee the immutability, reliability, and transparency of the data along the value chain. At the same time, the system was able to reduce the time of the traceability process by giving the user the possibility to access the traced information via a unique product identifier.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4246
Number of pages27
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2023


  • agri-food
  • blockchain technology
  • digitization
  • traceability
  • value chain


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