Adsorption of Sulfite Oxidase on Self-Assembled Mono layers from Molecular Dynamics Simulations

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Abstract

Sulfite oxidase (SO) is an enzyme catalyzing the terminal step of the metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids that is essential for almost all living organisms. The catalytic activity of SO in vertebrates strongly depends on the efficiency of the intramolecular electron transfer (JET) between the catalytic Moco domain and the cytochrome b5 (cyt b5) domain. The LET process is assumed to be mediated by large domain motions of the cyt b5 domains within the enzyme. Thus, the interaction of SO with charged surfaces may affect the mobility of the cyt b5 domain required for IET and consequently hinder SO activation. In this study, we present a molecular dynamics approach to investigating the ionic strength dependence of the initial surface adsorption of SO in two different conformations-the crystallographic structure and the model structure for an activated SO-onto mixed amino- and hydroxyl-terminated SAMs. The results show for both conformations at low ionic strengths a strong adsorption of the cyt b5 units onto the SAM, which inhibits the domain motion event required for IET. Under higher ion concentrations, however, the interaction with the surface is weakened by the negatively charged ions acting as a buffer and competing in adsorption with the cathodic cyt b5 domains. This competition prevents the immobilization of the cytochrome b5 units onto the surface, allowing the intramolecular domain motions favoring JET. Our predictions support the interpretation of recent experimental spectroelectrochemical studies on SO.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)5761-5769
JournalLangmuir
Volume28
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

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