Adaptive underslung beam using shape-memory alloys for frequency-tuning

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Abstract

The present article addresses the study of an adaptive-passive beam structure with a shape-memory alloy based actuator. In order to mitigate adverse dynamic effects resulting from externally induced vibrations, the structure is able to automatically tune its natural frequency to avoid resonance. The adaptive-passive beam configuration is based on an underslung cable-stayed girder concept. Its frequency tuning is achieved by temperature modulation of the shape-memory alloy elements through a closed-loop control process based on a proportional-integral-derivative algorithm. The effectiveness of the proposed control solution is substantiated by numerical simulations and experimental tests on a small-scale prototype. The validated numerical model enables the simulation of the proposed control approach in a real-scale footbridge, subjected to a prescribed pedestrian loading. The results are very encouraging and show that, by activating the shape-memory alloy elements, the system is able to successfully shift its natural frequency and to mitigate the effects of induced vibrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1260-1271
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Volume28
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • adaptive-passive control
  • frequency tuning
  • Shape-memory effect
  • underslung beam

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