Acrylamide is a neurotoxic and carcinogenic organic compound that is able to bind to several biomolecules and form adducts, through nucleophilic addition and in vivo by the Maillard Reaction, interfering with the biological functions of these molecules. Hemoglobin is one of the most abundant intracellular blood proteins, and thus it is of high interest to understand whether the binding of acrylamide can alter its properties. The interaction of acrylamide with hemoglobin was assessed in a 20:1 ratio, and after a 72 h-incubation period, a decrease of ca. 50% in the absorbance of the hemoglobin's Soret band was observed at 37 °C. This together with the analysis of circular dichroism spectra indicate that acrylamide binds in close proximity to the heme group. These perturbations were confirmed to not correspond to the loss of the heme group and were mostly reverted after passing the protein through a size-exclusion chromatographic matrix, suggesting a dominant non-covalent interaction for the observed effect. The thermodynamic parameters of unfolding in the absence and presence of acrylamide, suggest an interaction based on H-bonds and van der Waals forces that slightly stabilizes hemoglobin. The oxygen binding capacity of hemoglobin does not seem to be hindered, as no differences in the Q bands were observed in the adduct.
|Journal||Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Nov 2020|
- Acrylamide adduct
- Circular dichroism
- Thermal stability
- Visible spectroscopy